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authorRoss Burton <ross.burton@intel.com>2016-02-12 14:55:50 +0000
committerRichard Purdie <richard.purdie@linuxfoundation.org>2016-09-16 15:19:31 +0100
commitd77fe838ab7631a19e90ff4226f0712e54aa4e22 (patch)
tree1e15219f30b68350eed0bd650fbb36fa3d7e8803
parent8fda70bb74f7c63d393d5424436d034d2cc6c05e (diff)
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scripts: add tool to scan for bashisms recipe shell scripts
Shell functions in bitbake are executed with /bin/sh so should be POSIX compliant and not use Bash extensions, or at least only use extensions that are implemented in both dash and ash (busybox). This tool will extract all of the shell scripts from all recipes and run them through checkbashisms (it assumes that checkbashisms is on $PATH). There is a whitelist to filter out false-positives such as the use of $HOSTNAME (a bashism) in functions where we have defined it, or using the 'type' builtin which is supported by ash/dash. [ YOCTO #8851 ] Signed-off-by: Ross Burton <ross.burton@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Richard Purdie <richard.purdie@linuxfoundation.org>
-rwxr-xr-xscripts/verify-bashisms116
1 files changed, 116 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/scripts/verify-bashisms b/scripts/verify-bashisms
new file mode 100755
index 0000000000..0741e18447
--- /dev/null
+++ b/scripts/verify-bashisms
@@ -0,0 +1,116 @@
+#!/usr/bin/env python3
+
+import sys, os, subprocess, re, shutil
+
+whitelist = (
+ # type is supported by dash
+ 'if type systemctl >/dev/null 2>/dev/null; then',
+ 'if type systemd-tmpfiles >/dev/null 2>/dev/null; then',
+ 'if type update-rc.d >/dev/null 2>/dev/null; then',
+ 'command -v',
+ # HOSTNAME is set locally
+ 'buildhistory_single_commit "$CMDLINE" "$HOSTNAME"',
+ # False-positive, match is a grep not shell expression
+ 'grep "^$groupname:[^:]*:[^:]*:\\([^,]*,\\)*$username\\(,[^,]*\\)*"',
+ # TODO verify dash's '. script args' behaviour
+ '. $target_sdk_dir/${oe_init_build_env_path} $target_sdk_dir >> $LOGFILE'
+ )
+
+def is_whitelisted(s):
+ for w in whitelist:
+ if w in s:
+ return True
+ return False
+
+def process(recipe, function, script):
+ import tempfile
+
+ if not script.startswith("#!"):
+ script = "#! /bin/sh\n" + script
+
+ fn = tempfile.NamedTemporaryFile(mode="w+t")
+ fn.write(script)
+ fn.flush()
+
+ try:
+ subprocess.check_output(("checkbashisms.pl", fn.name), universal_newlines=True, stderr=subprocess.STDOUT)
+ # No bashisms, so just return
+ return
+ except subprocess.CalledProcessError as e:
+ # TODO check exit code is 1
+
+ # Replace the temporary filename with the function and split it
+ output = e.output.replace(fn.name, function).splitlines()
+ if len(results) % 2 != 0:
+ print("Unexpected output from checkbashism: %s" % str(output))
+ return
+
+ # Turn the output into a list of (message, source) values
+ result = []
+ # Check the results against the whitelist
+ for message, source in zip(output[0::2], output[1::2]):
+ if not is_whitelisted(source):
+ result.append((message, source))
+ return result
+
+def get_tinfoil():
+ scripts_path = os.path.dirname(os.path.realpath(__file__))
+ lib_path = scripts_path + '/lib'
+ sys.path = sys.path + [lib_path]
+ import scriptpath
+ scriptpath.add_bitbake_lib_path()
+ import bb.tinfoil
+ tinfoil = bb.tinfoil.Tinfoil()
+ tinfoil.prepare()
+ # tinfoil.logger.setLevel(logging.WARNING)
+ return tinfoil
+
+if __name__=='__main__':
+ import shutil
+ if shutil.which("checkbashisms.pl") is None:
+ print("Cannot find checkbashisms.pl on $PATH")
+ sys.exit(1)
+
+ tinfoil = get_tinfoil()
+
+ # This is only the default configuration and should iterate over
+ # recipecaches to handle multiconfig environments
+ pkg_pn = tinfoil.cooker.recipecaches[""].pkg_pn
+
+ # TODO: use argparse and have --help
+ if len(sys.argv) > 1:
+ initial_pns = sys.argv[1:]
+ else:
+ initial_pns = sorted(pkg_pn)
+
+ pns = []
+ print("Generating file list...")
+ for pn in initial_pns:
+ for fn in pkg_pn[pn]:
+ # There's no point checking multiple BBCLASSEXTENDed variants of the same recipe
+ realfn, _, _ = bb.cache.virtualfn2realfn(fn)
+ if realfn not in pns:
+ pns.append(realfn)
+
+
+ def func(fn):
+ result = []
+ data = tinfoil.parse_recipe_file(fn)
+ for key in data.keys():
+ if data.getVarFlag(key, "func", True) and not data.getVarFlag(key, "python", True):
+ script = data.getVar(key, False)
+ if not script: continue
+ #print ("%s:%s" % (fn, key))
+ r = process(fn, key, script)
+ if r: result.extend(r)
+ return fn, result
+
+ print("Scanning scripts...\n")
+ import multiprocessing
+ pool = multiprocessing.Pool()
+ for pn,results in pool.imap(func, pns):
+ if results:
+ print(pn)
+ for message,source in results:
+ print(" %s\n %s" % (message, source))
+ print()