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authorMartin Jansa <Martin.Jansa@gmail.com>2021-02-05 20:22:34 +0100
committerSteve Sakoman <steve@sakoman.com>2021-02-11 04:20:06 -1000
commit07a1771c9b2066c2003f285493d9720008b7412b (patch)
tree3d76130cf91614c1ca162f54cdbdd0e2f930ea8c
parent6a474f77424bca84cbbb9226d045fbe4c6590b44 (diff)
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image_types.bbclass: tar: use posix format instead of gnu
* gnu isn't compatible with --xattrs used e.g. here: https://github.com/advancedtelematic/meta-updater/blob/d3a832f66e8802cb45536ff278d5c77f946d341d/classes/image_types_ostree.bbclass#L16 causing do_image_tar failing with: | tar: --xattrs can be used only on POSIX archives | Try 'tar --help' or 'tar --usage' for more information. * https://www.gnu.org/software/tar/manual/html_chapter/tar_8.html says about posix format: This is the most flexible and feature-rich format. It does not impose any restrictions on file sizes or file name lengths. This format is quite recent, so not all tar implementations are able to handle it properly. However, this format is designed in such a way that any tar implementation able to read `ustar' archives will be able to read most `posix' archives as well, with the only exception that any additional information (such as long file names etc.) will in such case be extracted as plain text files along with the files it refers to. This archive format will be the default format for future versions of GNU tar. and: The default format for GNU tar is defined at compilation time. You may check it by running tar --help, and examining the last lines of its output. Usually, GNU tar is configured to create archives in `gnu' format, however, future version will switch to `posix'. * I've compared tar on centos7 and ubuntu-18.04: bash-4.2$ cat /etc/centos-release CentOS Linux release 7.9.2009 (Core) bash-4.2$ tar --version tar (GNU tar) 1.26 ... bash-4.2$ tar --help | tail -n 5 *This* tar defaults to: --format=gnu -f- -b20 --quoting-style=escape --rmt-command=/etc/rmt --rsh-command=/usr/bin/ssh ... bitbake@e0ee76f81c2f:/$ grep VERSION /etc/os-release VERSION="18.04.5 LTS (Bionic Beaver)" VERSION_ID="18.04" VERSION_CODENAME=bionic bitbake@e0ee76f81c2f:/$ tar --version tar (GNU tar) 1.29 ... bitbake@e0ee76f81c2f:/$ tar --help | tail -n 5 ... *This* tar defaults to: --format=gnu -f- -b20 --quoting-style=escape --rmt-command=/usr/lib/tar/rmt --rsh-command=/usr/bin/rsh Both support posix format (as pax POSIX 1003.1-2001). But centos7 version is already too old anyway, because it doesn't support --sort=name used since: https://git.openembedded.org/openembedded-core/commit/?id=4fa68626bbcfd9795577e1426c27d00f4d9d1c17 and https://git.openembedded.org/openembedded-core/commit/?id=f19e43dec63a86c200e04ba14393583588550380 says that 1.28 is the minium version now and https://git.openembedded.org/openembedded-core/commit/?id=7a66434cf11b7f051699b774e4fccd6738351368 recommends to use install-buildtools for hosts with tar < 1.28 On the other side latest tumbleweed from: https://hub.docker.com/r/opensuse/tumbleweed with tar-1.33 alredy defaults to posix format: b99dbb3d86dd:/ # head -n 3 /etc/os-release NAME="openSUSE Tumbleweed" ID="opensuse-tumbleweed" b99dbb3d86dd:/ # tar --version tar (GNU tar) 1.33 ... b99dbb3d86dd:/ # tar --help | tail -n 3 *This* tar defaults to: --format=posix -f- -b20 --quoting-style=escape --rmt-command=/usr/bin/rmt --rsh-command=/usr/bin/ssh I've packaged some sample rootfs directory with both tars and the result is identical (with --format=gnu as well as --format=posix). with ubuntu: tar --sort=name --format=gnu --numeric-owner -cf rootfs.ubuntu.gnu.tar -C rootfs . tar --xattrs --xattrs-include=* --sort=name --format=posix --numeric-owner -cf rootfs.ubuntu.posix.tar -C rootfs . tumbleweed: tar --sort=name --format=gnu --numeric-owner -cf rootfs.tumbleweed.gnu.tar -C rootfs . tar --xattrs --xattrs-include=* --sort=name --format=posix --numeric-owner -cf rootfs.tumbleweed.posix.tar -C rootfs . centos7 (without --sort=name): tar --format=gnu --numeric-owner -cf rootfs.centos7.gnu.tar -C rootfs . tar --xattrs --xattrs-include=* --format=posix --numeric-owner -cf rootfs.centos7.posix.tar -C rootfs . size is identical: -rw-r--r-- 1 mjansa mjansa 2487480320 Feb 5 09:19 rootfs.ubuntu.gnu.tar -rw-r--r-- 1 mjansa mjansa 2487480320 Feb 5 10:17 rootfs.centos7.gnu.tar -rw-r--r-- 1 mjansa mjansa 2487480320 Feb 5 10:26 rootfs.tumbleweed.gnu.tar -rw-r--r-- 1 mjansa mjansa 2579875840 Feb 5 10:15 rootfs.ubuntu.posix.tar -rw-r--r-- 1 mjansa mjansa 2579875840 Feb 5 10:16 rootfs.centos7.posix.tar -rw-r--r-- 1 mjansa mjansa 2579875840 Feb 5 10:26 rootfs.tumbleweed.posix.tar but md5s aren't: 5e3880283379dd773ac054e20562fdea rootfs.centos7.gnu.tar abeaf992c780aa780a27be01365d26f5 rootfs.centos7.posix.tar 0c6ee59d87ab56583293262de110bca4 rootfs.tumbleweed.gnu.tar 1555bc7276eaba924bf82a13a010fd6d rootfs.tumbleweed.posix.tar 553d802bba351e273191bd5b2a621b66 rootfs.ubuntu.gnu.tar b6d7b43b30174686f6625ba3c7aefdc6 rootfs.ubuntu.posix.tar diffoscope shows some differences when using gnu format: $ diffoscope rootfs.tumbleweed.gnu.tar rootfs.ubuntu.gnu.tar ... -00239890: 3030 3000 3030 3737 3637 0020 4b00 0000 000.007767. K... +00239890: 3030 3000 3031 3135 3737 0020 4b00 0000 000.011577. K... ... -00239900: 0075 7374 6172 2020 0000 0000 0000 0000 .ustar ........ +00239900: 0075 7374 6172 2020 0072 6f6f 7400 0000 .ustar .root... ... -00239920: 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 ................ +00239920: 0000 0000 0000 0000 0072 6f6f 7400 0000 .........root... with posix format there are also some differences shown by diffoscope: $ diffoscope rootfs.tumbleweed.posix.tar rootfs.ubuntu.posix.tar 016a4c00: 2e2f 7573 722f 6269 6e2f 5061 7848 6561 ./usr/bin/PaxHea -016a4c10: 6465 7273 2f63 6861 7474 722e 6532 6673 ders/chattr.e2fs -016a4c20: 7072 6f67 7300 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 progs........... +016a4c10: 6465 7273 2e32 322f 6368 6174 7472 2e65 ders.22/chattr.e +016a4c20: 3266 7370 726f 6773 0000 0000 0000 0000 2fsprogs........ ... 03937000: 2e2f 7573 722f 6269 6e2f 5061 7848 6561 ./usr/bin/PaxHea -03937010: 6465 7273 2f63 6f6e 7461 696e 6572 642d ders/containerd- -03937020: 6374 7200 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 ctr............. +03937010: 6465 7273 2e32 322f 636f 6e74 6169 6e65 ders.22/containe +03937020: 7264 2d63 7472 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 rd-ctr.......... so cannot really say which format is better for reproducible tar archives from different distros, but posix at least supports xattrs and it's the format for future. Signed-off-by: Martin Jansa <Martin.Jansa@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Richard Purdie <richard.purdie@linuxfoundation.org> (cherry picked from commit 3ecea58f2a3382d9f4b410d6ad7089111334cb6f) Signed-off-by: Steve Sakoman <steve@sakoman.com>
-rw-r--r--meta/classes/image_types.bbclass2
1 files changed, 1 insertions, 1 deletions
diff --git a/meta/classes/image_types.bbclass b/meta/classes/image_types.bbclass
index 6de16d42b97..ff42ac94230 100644
--- a/meta/classes/image_types.bbclass
+++ b/meta/classes/image_types.bbclass
@@ -126,7 +126,7 @@ IMAGE_CMD_squashfs-lz4 = "mksquashfs ${IMAGE_ROOTFS} ${IMGDEPLOYDIR}/${IMAGE_NAM
# required when extracting, but it seems prudent to use it in both cases.
IMAGE_CMD_TAR ?= "tar"
# ignore return code 1 "file changed as we read it" as other tasks(e.g. do_image_wic) may be hardlinking rootfs
-IMAGE_CMD_tar = "${IMAGE_CMD_TAR} --sort=name --format=gnu --numeric-owner -cf ${IMGDEPLOYDIR}/${IMAGE_NAME}${IMAGE_NAME_SUFFIX}.tar -C ${IMAGE_ROOTFS} . || [ $? -eq 1 ]"
+IMAGE_CMD_tar = "${IMAGE_CMD_TAR} --sort=name --format=posix --numeric-owner -cf ${IMGDEPLOYDIR}/${IMAGE_NAME}${IMAGE_NAME_SUFFIX}.tar -C ${IMAGE_ROOTFS} . || [ $? -eq 1 ]"
do_image_cpio[cleandirs] += "${WORKDIR}/cpio_append"
IMAGE_CMD_cpio () {